burping n : a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth [syn: belch, belching, burp, eructation]
- present participle of burp
Burping, also known as belching, ructus, or eructation, involves the release of gas from the digestive tract (mainly esophagus and stomach) through the mouth. It is usually accompanied with a typical sound and, at times, an odor.
PhysiologyBurping is typically caused by eating or drinking too fast, and thereby swallowing (aerophagia) and subsequently expelling air, in which the expelled gas is a mixture of nitrogen and oxygen. Burps can also be caused by imbibing carbonated drinks such as beer, soft drinks, or champagne, in which case the expelled gas is carbon dioxide from the drink itself. Common diabetes drugs metformin and Byetta can cause burping, especially at higher doses. This often resolves in a few weeks. Burping combined with other symptoms such as dyspepsia, nausea, and heartburn may be a sign of an ulcer or hiatal hernia, and should be reviewed by a physician.
The sound of burping is caused by the vibration of the cardia (esophageal sphincter) as the gas passes through it. The current Guinness world record for the loudest burp is 118.1 dB, set by Paul Hunn from London, England in 2000. (This would be noticeably louder than a chainsaw at a distance of 1 meter.)
Social context and etiquetteIn many parts of the world, audible burping is not much appreciated and is therefore considered to be somewhat impolite (although generally not as much as flatulence). However, in other areas it can be considered a sign of completion of a meal or a form of applause for the cook. Sometimes, children and teenagers engage in burping activities such as contests to determine who can produce the loudest burp, the longest burp, the most guttural burp, the burping of words, songs, or even the alphabet.
Infant burpingBabies are particularly subject to accumulation of gas in the stomach whilst feeding, and this can cause considerable agitation to the child unless it is burped. The act of burping an infant involves placing the child in a position conducive to gas expulsion (for example holding the infant up to the adult's shoulder, with the infant's stomach resting on the adult's chest) and then lightly patting it on the lower back so that he or she burps.
Because burping can cause vomiting in infants, the burp cloth or burp pad is sometimes employed on the shoulder to protect the adult's clothing.
"Burped" speechIt is possible to voluntarily induce burping through swallowing air and then expelling it, and by manipulation of the vocal tract produce burped speech.
While this is often employed as a means of entertainment or competition (such as burping the alphabet), it can also act as an alternative means of vocalisation for people who have undergone a laryngectomy, with the burp replacing laryngeal phonation. This is known as esophageal speech.
In animalsMany other mammals, such as cattle, dogs, and sheep also burp. In the case of ruminants, the gas expelled is actually methane produced as a byproduct of the animal's digestive process. Anaerobic organisms such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) and methanogenic archaea produce this effect. An average cow is thought to emit between 542 litres (if located in a barn) and 600 litres (if in a field) of methane per day through burping and exhalation, making commercially farmed cattle a major contributor to the greenhouse effect. 95% of this gas is emitted through belching. This has led scientists at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation of Perth, Australia, to develop an anti-methanogen vaccine to minimize methane in cattle burps.
Some fish are also known to expel air from their gills; here the burp is produced by gas being expelled from the gas bladder.
- Cow methane production
- from Webmd.com
- International Burping Movement, promoting burping worldwide
- Burps for websites - Burp sounds that people may add to their websites.
burping in Danish: Bøvs
burping in German: Rülpsen
burping in Spanish: Eructo
burping in French: Éructation
burping in Scottish Gaelic: Brùchd
burping in Italian: Eruttazione
burping in Hebrew: גיהוק
burping in Lithuanian: Raugulys
burping in Dutch: Boer (geluid)
burping in Japanese: げっぷ
burping in Norwegian: Rap (fysiologi)
burping in Polish: Bekanie
burping in Portuguese: Arroto
burping in Russian: Отрыжка
burping in Finnish: Röyhtäily
burping in Swedish: Rapning